Wednesday, May 18, 2011

Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

This information is from the CDC, much of the data is from 2007....the number of people being diagnosed and medicated has been growing at roughly 5.5% a year since 2003..  There is no reason to believe this has slowed any since 2007.  Therefore if you see a number like two million the current number is likely to be closer to two and a half million..   If something says 10% the current percenage might be closer to 12 1/2 %

The numbers only include ADHD patients diagnosed with ADD get the same meds. 
That means these numbers only tell part of the story


Data & Statistics
In the United States

  • The American Psychiatric Association states in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) that 3%-7% of school-aged children have ADHD. 1 However, studies have estimated higher rates in community samples.
  • Recent data from surveys of parents indicate that:
    [Read article]
    • Approximately 9.5% or 5.4 million children 4-17 years of age have ever been diagnosed with ADHD, as of 2007.
    • The percentage of children with a parent-reported ADHD diagnosis increased by 22% between 2003 and 2007.
    • Rates of ADHD diagnosis increased an average of 3% per year from 1997 to 2006 [Read article Adobe PDF file] and an average of 5.5% per year from 2003 to 2007.
    • Boys (13.2%) were more likely than girls (5.6%) to have ever been diagnosed with ADHD.
    • Rates of ADHD diagnosis increased at a greater rate among older teens as compared to younger children.
    • The highest rates of parent-reported ADHD diagnosis were noted among children covered by Medicaid and multiracial children.
    • Prevalence of parent-reported ADHD diagnosis varied substantially by state, from a low of 5.6% in Nevada to a high of 15.6% in North Carolina.
 State-based Prevalence Data of ADHD Diagnosis (2007-2008)

Medication Treatment

[Read article]
  • As of 2007, 2.7 million youth ages 4-17 years (66.3% of those with a current diagnosis) were receiving medication treatment for the disorder. [Read article]
  • Rates of medication treatment for ADHD varied by age and sex; children aged 11-17 years of age were more likely than those 4-10 years of age to take medication, and boys are 2.8 times more likely to take medication than girls [Read article]
  • In 2003, geographic variability in prevalence of medication treatment ranged from a low of 2.1% in California to a high of 6.5% in Arkansas. [Read article]

Diagnosed Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disability: United States, 2004-2006

[Read article Adobe PDF file]

  • About 5% of children had ADHD without Learning Disability (LD), 5% had LD without ADHD, and 4% had both conditions.

  • Children 12-17 years of age were more likely than children 6-11 years of age to have each of the diagnoses.

  • Hispanic children were less likely than non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black children to have ADHD (with and without LD).

  • Children with Medicaid were more likely than uninsured children or privately insured children to have each of the diagnoses.

  • Children with each of the diagnoses were more likely than children with neither ADHD nor LD to have other chronic health conditions.

  • Children with ADHD (with and without LD) were more likely than children without ADHD to have contact with a mental health professional, use prescription medication, and have frequent health care visits.

  • Peer Relationships

    [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • Parents of children with a history of ADHD report almost 3 times as many peer problems as those without a history of ADHD (21.1% vs. 7.3%).
    • Parents report that children with a history of ADHD are almost 10 times as likely to have difficulties that interfere with friendships (20.6% vs. 2.0%).

    • A higher percentage of parents of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder reported non-fatal injuries (4.5% vs. 2.5% for healthy children). [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • Children with ADHD, compared to children without ADHD, were more likely to have major injuries (59% vs. 49%), hospital inpatient (26% vs. 18%), hospital outpatient (41% vs. 33%), or emergency department admission (81% vs. 74%). [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • Data from international samples suggest that young people with high levels of attentional difficulties are at greater risk of involvement in a motor vehicle crash, drinking and driving, and traffic violations. [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]

    Economic Cost
    • Using a prevalence rate of 5%, the annual societal ‘‘cost of illness’’ for ADHD is estimated to be between $36 and $52 billion, in 2005 dollars. It is estimated to be between $12,005 and $17,458 annually per individual. [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • There were an estimated 7 million ambulatory care visits for ADHD in 2006. [Read article Adobe PDF file]
    • The total excess cost of ADHD in the US in 2000 was $31.6 billion. Of this total, $1.6 billion was for the treatment of patients, $12.1 billion was for all other health care costs of persons with ADHD, $14.2 billion was for all other health care costs of family members with ADHD, and $3.7 billion was for the work loss cost of adults with ADHD and adult family members of persons with ADHD. [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • ADHD creates a significant financial burden regarding the cost of medical care and work loss for patients and family members. The annual average direct cost for each per ADHD patient was $1,574, compared to $541 among matched controls. The annual average payment (direct plus indirect cost) per family member was $2,728 for non-ADHD family members of ADHD patients versus $1,440 for family members of matched controls. [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • Across 10 countries, it was projected that ADHD was associated with 143.8 million lost days of productivity each year. Most of this loss can be attributed to ADHD and not co-occurring conditions. [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
    • Workers with ADHD were more likely to have at least one sick day in the past month compared to workers without ADHD. [Read articleExternal Web Site Icon]
     Related Pages
    1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR. Washington: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348, 24 Hours/Every Day -


    1. Children with Medicaid was a very chilling statistic.

    2. I learned more here in a few moments than months of research on my own, I truly wonder why we are drugging children, how can we control behaviour when they haven't completed developement? We do not know the complete human.

    3. Madpole, I was just reading on about ADHD. Some interesting information. I truly think where we are falling down on this subject is not using the correct people to make the diagnosis. Teachers are teachers not medical professionals. I think if there is a problem in the classroom there should be some videoing going to show the doctors and parents to help them evaluate the situation.

    4. Marine, don't forget that the "Right" ADHD/ADD diagnoses qualifies the child for SSI..

      You might fine some parents see $$ and aren't as cautious as they should be.

    5. Fishygal - We are falling down.

      USMarine - The statistics are startling. Why is it there was such an increase starting in 2003? Does it have anything to do with the beginning of the high stakes testing obsession?

      As Dr. Diller says, schools and the medical profession look for efficiency.

      Grumpy - Today's blogs provide a one-stop location of fact-based material, easy to understand, that may help parents understand this situation better.

    6. Madpole - Peaceful thoughts in your direction.

    7. Marine, it's about to get more chilling..

      Couple minutes ago Madpole said he'd been able to learn things, Hopefully that means someone else out ot the couple hundred people who stopped by today has too.

    8. Sandra I think you are on to something with the testing theory and Grumpy you know money talks. Sometimes way to LOUD though.

    9. Sandra, I grew up fighting. I fought big brothers, the police and the black man. I fought ignorance and prejudice. I bled and mutilated and fought far beyond the gift of adrenalin. I have been left to die and bled pints into the streets. There was no glory, or celebration, or parades,only tomorrow. I won tomorrow. I live to fight again, that is my reward. I will not be heralded or remembered but my Tyler was an innocent and upon him shall a great shrill be heard, do not kill babies for they are the future. Any nation that will not stand by the weak and innocent deserves no praise or quarter. I am not a smart man and I truly am in awe of posts by folks here. Everyone is so intelligent and reasoned, I am ashamed that I am not more like you. I do what I know, I love and admire all of you and wish all of you peace. We are the same but different, you folks are what I wanted to be. My God bless you all!

    10. Sandra - Just a hunch, but guessing more emphasis on statistics and record keeping. My wife was fully aware of the use of drugs in children in ILL back the 80's & 90's as well. We have been in TN now since '99, and it does not appear to be any more prevalent.

    11. Madpole - The primary objective in communication is getting your point across. You do that very well. All else is merely fluff and filler. I'll take a friend who speaks from his heart any day.

    12. Madpole - You are a fine man and it is clear by the depth of your love. Be strong for your family. You are much needed.

    13. USMC - The CDC shows a spike starting in 2003. It means something.

    14. Madpole,,, at 15 I had a couple part time jobs.. one involved Sears Catalogues, by the boxcar load.. 9 books to the bundle @ 6 pounds to the book... One night four of us were unloanding boxcars on a siding in Southeast DC, section called Anacostia. That's where I had brush with racism....

      They hired off duty cops to finish unloading the cars.

    15. I was next to my father as he read your last comment Grumpy, he said "Thanks Brother"!


      It is ALL here, except the real reason behind Psychiatric drugging in this country. No more revolutions, the politic uprising in the 60's scared the heck out of the suits in Washington, immediately after all public citizens are depressed, bi-polar, have anxiety, then they are being cross medicated seeing as how all these drugs have side effects, we need another drug to come down off the side effects. I have personally watched the pharmaceutical industry over prescribe to close friends of mine who were unfortunate enough to have really good health care. Its another form of population control, just like chem trails and fluoride. So I would like to basically dub this famous catch phrase to the executive orders that were placed since the 70's. "While you were sleeping..." THEY TOOK OVER!


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